The Answers: 30 Similarities between Abraham offering Isaac on Mt. Moriah and GOD offering Jesus on Mt. Calvary

In an earlier post that you can read HERE, I suggested that if you study the story of Abraham offering Isaac on Mt Moriah carefully, you could find as many as 30 similarities between that story and the story of God offering Jesus as a sacrifice on Mt Calvary. I posed this question to our Connect Group at Hebron Church on Sunday, and here are the 30 similarities that we found.

In both stories…

  1. The father leads his son to be sacrificed.
  2. A donkey is involved on the road to the sacrifice.
  3. They leave their “homeland” to go to the place of sacrifice (Abraham & Isaac travel to the mountain, Jesus leaves heaven to come to earth).
  4. To get from where they are to the place of sacrifice requires a journey.
  5. Each son is the “one and only son” of his father.
  6. The son is a descendant of Abraham.
  7. The son had been born with divine intervention.
  8. The sacrifices take place on the same mountain (called Mt. Moriah in the Old Testament, called Mt. Calvary in the New Testament — also known as Mt. Zion, by the way)
  9. The companions that were with them stayed behind (most likely on the hill across the valley, called the Mt. of Olives) when the son went with the father for the sacrifice.
  10. The son carried the wood/cross to the place of sacrifice.
  11. The son asked questions of the father.
  12. The father knew what he was called to do.
  13. The son was submissive to the will of the father.
  14. The father was willing to sacrifice his son, if necessary.
  15. The father believed in resurrection.
  16. The father loved the son.
  17. A resurrection was prophesied (Abraham said, “we’ll come back to you.” Jesus said, “I will rise on the third day.”)
  18. The son was laid upon the wood/cross.
  19. The son was bound to the wood/cross.
  20. Abraham had a knife to pierce his son, Jesus’ skin was pierced by whips laced with bones, glass and rocks.
  21. The Lord Himself provided the sacrifice (the ram, Jesus). [Note, the word order in the Hebrew text of Genesis 22:8 could read, “The Lord will provide Himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” A foreshadowing of Jesus]
  22. Blood was shed.
  23. The sacrifice was a substitute (ram a substitute for Isaac, Jesus a substitute for us).
  24. The sacrifice was a demonstration of love for God.
  25. Men of great faith in God who were committed obediently to the will of God.
  26. The ram was caught in the thorns, and Jesus had a crown of thorns on his head.
  27. Abundant blessings flow because of the sacrifice (abundant life).
  28. Abraham was tested, Jesus was tested.
  29. The son ultimately survived the sacrifice.
  30. The son was resurrected on the third day.

Number 30 requires a little explanation. Jesus was literally resurrected on the third day. As for Isaac: Abraham heard from the Lord that he was to sacrifice his son. As far as he was concerned, Isaac was as good as dead at that point. The journey from their home to the place of sacrifice took three days. On the third day, God provided the ram so that Isaac was spared his life, i.e., he was “resurrected” on the third day. The Bible tells us that Abraham had great faith all along, believing that even if God did call him to slay his son that God would bring his son back to life!

Not sure if we got all 30 of them right? Maybe you found other similarities? Let me know.

Keep studying, and keep trusting in the will of God, the ways of God, and the Word of God.

22 thoughts on “The Answers: 30 Similarities between Abraham offering Isaac on Mt. Moriah and GOD offering Jesus on Mt. Calvary

  1. 1. Abraham’s knife parallels the nails. They both were for pieracing.

    2. Abraham’s three day journey parallels Jesus’ three days in the tomb

  2. You are right, Derekspain. According to Heb 11:17, Isaac was Abraham’s “begotten” and of course Jesus was God’s begotten.

  3. Great list. ALL are true.
    Thank you.
    I believe Ishmael is a picture of the works of the flesh that GOD does not see or acknowledge. Gen 22:2 also see Matt 6:1-4.

    • God certainly does see and acknowledge Ishmael. Genesis 16: 9-12 (an angel appears to Hagar while Ishmael is still in the womb) Gen.17:18-20 (Abram firsts hears the specific promise of a son with Sarai, God promises to bless Ishmael as well) Gen. 21:8-21 (Hagar and Ishmael are struggling on their own in the wilderness but God appears and provides for them and re-iterates the promise to bless Ishmael)
      But, Isaac is Abraham’s “only son” for the purposes of the covenant God is establishing – by God’s words: Gen. 17:19-21 ; Gen. 21:12 ; Gen. 22:1-2
      [Some look at this reference of Isaac as the only son as a reflection of the idea that Abraham has lost his son – Ishmael (Hagar and Ishmael are banished from the family by Sarah in Gen. 21)]

  4. The best part of the story is we don’t see Isaac again until he is united with his bride. we are the bride of Christ and won’t see him tell he calls us..

  5. Pingback: 30 Similarities between Abraham’s and God’s sacrifice | Random Ramblings

  6. Pingback: Abraham & Isaac | derek spain

  7. I can’t find the donkey in the Bible in Jesus’s birth story.
    Love the comparison. Currently in Middle East and trying to understand the Muslim/Christian conflict a bit better.
    Muslims firmly believe that Abraham took Ishmael for offering and not Isaac.

  8. Hi! I want to add one similarity I’ve heard from a Youtube video. Genesis 22:19 says: “So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba”. We can notice from this verse that Abraham returned to his men without Isaac.Isn’t it a surprise?Why does the Bible keep silence about Isaac’s return home? Can we draw a parallel between Jesus’ ascent and Isaac’s disappearance too? I think,yes!

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